TIBERIUS JULIUS ALEXANDER

TIBERIUS JULIUS ALEXANDER (b. c. 14/16 C.E.), procurator of Judea. Born in Alexandria, Egypt, Tiberius was the son of the alabarch alexander lysimachus , the brother of philo . When a young man he entered Roman military service, thereby becoming in Jewish eyes a man who "did not   continue in the religion of his forefathers" (Jos., Ant., 20: 100), but there is no knowledge of any formal act of apostasy on his part. In 42 he was appointed epistrategos (military commander) of the Thebaid (Upper Egypt). In 46–48 he was appointed procurator of Judea. Josephus (Ant., 20:100 – 03) records only two events about his term of office: the great famine in Judea, relieved with the help of queen helena ; and the crucifixion of the sons of judah the Galilean at the order of Tiberius, which points to some national ferment at that time, although Josephus states elsewhere (Wars, 2:220) that Tiberius kept the nation at peace "by abstaining from all interference with the customs of the country." In 63 he is mentioned as a high-ranking officer on the staff of the eastern army group of Corbulo. Tiberius reached the peak of his civil service career in 66 when he was appointed by Nero as prefect of Egypt. Shortly after his appointment there was a severe clash between the Jewish and Greek populations of alexandria (Jos., Wars, 2:487ff.). Tiberius first tried to mediate, but when his attempt was scornfully rejected by the Jews, he ordered his soldiers to quell the rebels with the utmost rigor. The number of Jewish dead is said to have reached 50,000. In July 69, Tiberius was instrumental in acclaiming vespasian , then the commander of the Roman army in Judea, as emperor. Late in 69 or early in 70, Tiberius reached the climax of his military career, when he was promoted by Vespasian to be the highest-ranking officer in titu s' army in Judea, second only to Titus himself. He is mentioned by Josephus (Wars, 6:236f.) as taking part in the council summoned by Titus to decide about the fate of the Temple, and is said to have voted not to destroy it. There is virtually no information about him after this event. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Tcherikover, Corpus, 2 (1960), no. 418; Lepape, in: Bulletin de la Société Archéologique d'Alexandrie, 8:29 (1934), 331 f.; E.G. Turner, in: Journal of Roman Studies, 44 (1954), 54–64; V. Burr, Tiberius Iulius Alexander (1955); Schwartz, in: Annuaire de l' Institut de Philologie et d'Histoire Orientales et Slaves, 13 (1958), 591ff.; A. Stein, Die Praefekten von Aegypten in der roemischen Kaiserzeit (1950), 37ff.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tiberius Julius Alexander — était un gouverneur romain issu de l’ordre équestre et un général de l Empire romain. Né dans une riche famille juive d’Alexandrie, il est le neveu de Philon d Alexandrie. Son père était Alabarch d Alexandrie, un poste de haut fonctionnaire qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tiberius Julius Alexander — Infobox Military Person name=Tiberius Julius Alexander lived=1st century placeofbirth=Alexandria, Egypt? caption= allegiance=Roman Empire serviceyears=before 46 ndash; 70 rank=Praetorian prefect commands= battles=Roman Parthian War (58–63),… …   Wikipedia

  • Tiberius Julius Alexander — Tiberius Iulius Alexander war der Name zweier romanisierter Juden, die im 1. Jahrhundert n. Chr. lebten: Tiberius Iulius Alexander (Vater), Führer der alexandrinischen Juden und Freund Herodes Agrippas I.; Tiberius Iulius Alexander (Sohn),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tiberius Julius Alexander — (b. c. 15)    Procurator of Judea from 46. Tiberius came from a wealthy and influential Jewish family in Alexandria. His father was head of the community and his uncle was the renowned philosopher, PHILO JUDEUS. As a young man, Tiberius turned… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Tiberius Julius Aspurgus — Tiberius Julius Aspurgus, also known as Aspurgus (flourished 1st century BC 1st century; died AD 38) was a prince and a Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom. The Bosporan Kingdom was the longest surviving known Roman Client Kingdom. Aspurgus …   Wikipedia

  • Tiberius Julius Cotys I — or Cotys I also known as Kotys I (Cotys in Greek: ο Κότυς, flourished 1st century) was a prince and Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom. The Bosporan Kingdom was the longest surviving known Roman Client Kingdom.Cotys was the second son of… …   Wikipedia

  • Julius Alexander — Tiberius Iulius Alexander war der Name zweier romanisierter Juden, die im 1. Jahrhundert n. Chr. lebten: Tiberius Iulius Alexander (Vater), Führer der alexandrinischen Juden und Freund Herodes Agrippas I.; Tiberius Iulius Alexander (Sohn),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tiberius Julius Mithridates — For other Kings with the name Mithridates, see Mithridates. Tiberius Julius Mithridates (Mithridates in Greek: ο ΜιΘριδάτης, flourished 1st century, died in 68) was a Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom. The Bosporan Kingdom was the longest …   Wikipedia

  • Marcus Julius Alexander — (flourished 1st century, died before August 44) was a distinguished and wealthy Alexandrian Jewish Merchant. Contents 1 Ancestry and Family 2 Life 3 Sources 4 …   Wikipedia

  • ALEXANDER LYSIMACHUS — (Gr. ʾΑλέξανδρος Λυσίμαχος), a leader of the Jewish community in Alexandria, Egypt, in the first century C.E., and a member of one of the most illustrious and wealthy Alexandrian Jewish families. Alexander was the brother of philo of Alexandria… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.